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  • dave rosa

The Fresh Start Program: 4 Key Elements

Updated: Aug 24


Coast to Coast - IRS Help

IRS Tax Relief - Fresh Start Program

Owing the IRS for a tax debt is undeniably scary and stressful. The IRS is the most powerful collection agency in the world. It is typically the last entity that one wants to deal with due to all the collection weapons it has readily at its disposal. It is a direct result of the fear and anxiety that a federal tax liability creates that makes it quite common for a taxpayer to drop their guard and be lulled in by various promises of tax relief strategies that are delivered by way of radio, television, phone, internet or mail. 

While some of these messages sound too good to be true, they are also difficult to discredit outright due to the possibility that they may be accurate.  The truth is that some taxpayers do, in fact, qualify for jaw-dropping tax settlements or other seemingly too-good-too-be-true forms of tax debt help. Be careful. Do your homework. You don't want to over-pay for tax debt help. You don't want to "over-promised."




With a little common sense and some research, it is not all that difficult to figure out who is offering a realistic solution and who is pitching a pie-in-the-sky.  One phrase often used in these advertising campaigns that catches people’s attention is the “IRS Fresh Start Initiative.”  What is the Fresh Start Initiative?  How can it help?  Is it as miraculous as the advertisements claim it to be?

The reality is that the Fresh Start Program is not new.  In fact, it goes as far back as 2011, but at that time is was referred to as the Fresh Start Program. 

The initiative/program was initially implemented with the objective of providing taxpayers with a first-time tax liability an opportunity to make things right again by providing expanded options toward securing voluntary resolution.  The initiative offered a more streamlined path toward reducing outstanding tax liabilities in a more affordable manner while also reducing the number of federal tax liens filed by the IRS in order to lessen the negative impact on credit scores.  Here is what you need to know about the most important aspects of the Fresh Start Initiative as well as how the “Initiative” might work to your advantage.


Under the guidelines of the Fresh Start Program, the IRS increased the threshold dollar amount that resulted in a federal tax lien being filed on individuals.  The amount went from $5,000 to $10,000 to the present amount of $25,000.  This change dramatically reduced the number of federal tax liens filed, which in turn reduced the negative impact that an outstanding tax liability had on a taxpayer’s credit score. In addition, the initiative both eliminated and streamlined some of the internal bureaucratic rules and regulations, which allowed for the discharge of already filed federal tax liens to be expedited once an outstanding tax debt was paid in full. Moreover, it also simplified the process for discharging already filed federal tax liens on personal income tax liabilities, provided that the outstanding income tax liability was reduced to below $25,000 and provided that the taxpayer had made several reoccurring monthly payments under an established Direct Debit Installment Agreement.


Another objective of the Fresh Start Initiative is to promote direct debit payments as the IRS found these types of payments to be more efficient.  Directly debited payments were found to reduce the potential of a default of an Installment Agreement as the payments became automatic, thereby reducing human error in accidentally forgetting to make the agreed upon payment by the agreed upon due date.  The Fresh Start Program, as it is applied to Installment Agreements, has slowly evolved.  At first the IRS provided a more streamlined process toward securing resolution of a personal tax liability of $25,000 or less by way of a payment agreement. Of course, certain preconditions were required to qualify, such as being in complete tax compliance with all required payments, and having all required returns filed.  Complete tax compliance has always been and, more likely than not, will always continue to be a prerequisite toward securing voluntary resolution.  The IRS then modified the criteria to allow the streamlined resolution process to apply to taxpayers with a personal tax liability of $50,000 or less to be paid within the lessor of 5 years or the number of months necessary for the liability to be satisfied in full by the Collection Statute Expiration Date (or “CSED”), provided that it was the first time the taxpayer fell behind with their taxes.   Not too long after this, the IRS slightly extended the time frame to the lessor of 6 years or the number of months necessary for the liability to be satisfied in full by the CSED, provided that a Direct Debit Installment Agreement was secured.   Most recently, in 2018, the IRS implemented a pilot program that provided a streamlined pathway toward resolving a personal tax liability of $50,000 to $100,000 with an Installment Agreement that paid the liability in the lessor of 7 years or the Collection Statute Expiration date.  This pilot program was initially set to expire in September 2018, but fortunately it did not expire at that time.   While the pilot program has not yet officially been codified and made permanent, for the time being, it does appear that some IRS collection agents are continuing to follow its guidelines.

The Installment Agreement portion of the Fresh Start Program does apply to business liabilities, but it is not as lenient as it is with personal tax liabilities.  It provides a streamlined path for businesses toward securing an Installment Agreement provided that the outstanding tax liability is $25,000 or less, and provided that the liability is paid in full within the lessor of 2 years or the Collection Statute Expiration Date.


Similar to Installment Agreements, the Fresh Start Initiative made an Offer in Compromise (tax settlements) a viable option to even more taxpayers by modifying the financial analysis standards as it pertains to monthly expenses and equity in assets. An Offer in Compromise is a method of settling an outstanding IRS tax liability for less than the full amount when it can be thoroughly demonstrated that paying the liability in full will create a severe financial hardship to the taxpayer.  The IRS will consider approval of a doubt as to collect-ability Offer in Compromise when the taxpayer can demonstrate that, after taking into consideration net monthly income (income minus allowable expenses) and realizable equity in assets, that the offered amount is the IRS’s best collection potential. There are three subcategories for an Offer in Compromise with the IRS.   These categories are doubt as to liability, doubt as to collectability, and effective tax administration.   The vast majority of every Offer in Compromise that are submitted to the IRS fall into the doubt as to collectability category as this category encompasses situations where the taxpayer can demonstrate that they do not have the ability to resolve the outstanding tax liability in full through equity in assets or ongoing monthly payments based on net monthly income within the time frame that the IRS has to collect. 


The IRS expanded what types of expenses as well as the amounts of the expenses that are considered allowable when determining the taxpayer’s reasonable collection potential. Some of the modifications to allowed expenses include increased living expenses (such as vehicle operating expenses on older or high mileage vehicles), student loans that are being actively paid back, and a portion of state and local tax debts. By expanding allowed expenses, one’s net monthly disposable income decreases, which in turn allows a taxpayer to substantiate a lower monthly ability to pay toward the outstanding tax debt.  The result is that some taxpayers who would not have qualified for a settlement before now do, and some who qualified for a settlement before now qualify for a lower settlement.


As a general rule, the IRS now allows equity in income producing assets owned by businesses to be excluded from the calculation of the taxpayer’s reasonable collection potential. This is a substantial allowance that has greatly expanded the number of businesses that can now qualify for an Offer in Compromise. Businesses with significant equity in assets that might not have qualified at all under the prior guidelines might, under the new guidelines, qualify for a jaw-dropping settlement. The Fresh Start Initiative also allows for a reduction in the equity calculation for the amount of funds available in an individual’s bank account as well as a reduction in the amount of equity in vehicles used for work, production of income, and/or the welfare of the taxpayer’s family.  Furthermore, the IRS has also slightly eased the criteria where the value of a dissipated asset(s) will be factored into the taxpayer’s reasonable collection potential. The IRS considers an asset to be dissipated when it can be shown that the taxpayer sold, transferred, encumbered, or otherwise disposed of assets in an attempt to avoid the payment of the tax liability.  The IRS would typically factor in the equity of dissipated assets into the calculations of a taxpayer’s ability to pay on an Offer in Compromise. However, as part of the Fresh Start Initiative, the IRS now allows for equity in dissipated assets to be excluded in the reasonable collection potential calculations when it can be shown that prior to six months of the tax assessment date, the taxpayer used the assets or proceeds from the sale of the assets for expenses that are necessary for the production of income or for the health and welfare of the taxpayers or their family. Again, these expanded allowances result in the reduction of net realizable equity in assets that are factored into an Offer in Compromise, thereby greatly increasing the number of candidates that can now qualify for an Offer in Compromise to effectively settle their outstanding tax liability for less than the full amount.


The Fresh Start Initiative has been a lifeline toward securing favorable resolution for many struggling businesses and individuals who have outstanding tax liabilities.  Nonetheless, it is important to understand that an Offer in Compromise is not a one-size-fit-all solution, and more than half of the Offer in Compromise submissions will not qualify.   On average, the IRS will receive about 80,000 Offer in Compromise submissions every year. Out of the 80,000, the IRS will approve approximately 42% of those. Many of the rejections are due to paperwork errors. Some should never have been submitted in the first place. The tax professionals at Flat Fee Tax Relief provide valuable IRS tax debt help at a very affordable fee. Our teams are located in Clearwater, FL, and San Diego, CA. FLAT FEE TAX RELIEF HAS ACHIEVED A 96% OFFER IN COMPROMISE APPROVAL RATE FOR OUR CLIENTS. CALL 1-866-747-7435


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